Why was Orff-Schulwerk created? What are its founding principles? How do these shape our understanding of Elemental Music and Dance Pedagogy? This handbook for both students and teachers provides the answers. It includes: The genesis of Orff-Schulwerk; Development of Orff instruments; Educational principles of Carl Orff and Gunild Keetman; Goals, content and methods of elemental music-making; Lesson plan guidelines.